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Uganda is one of the 36 countries where we do research work in agriculture. Uganda is in our Eastern and Southern Africa region.
Farmer in Kapchorwa pulping red coffee berrries.  (Photo: Jude Sekatuba.)

Uganda is one of the fastest growing economies in the world.  The country was once notorious for the genocidal dictatorships of Idi Amin (1971–79) and Milton Obote (1966–71 and 1980–85), under whom hundreds of thousands died.

Since 1990, the Government's economic reforms have led to solid economic growth.  Agriculture, urbanisation and education halved extreme poverty between 2002/03 and 2012/13, the second fastest reduction in poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa.  The North and East are still poor and vulnerable, and home to 84% of those beneath the national poverty line.

80% of Ugandans work in agriculture, many growing coffee for export.  Uganda is rich in natural resources, including fertile soil, regular rainfall, oil, and small deposits of copper, gold, and minerals, but rudimentary technology limits its agriculture. 

Uganda is a member of the Commonwealth, the East African Community, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the African Union and the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region.  Uganda contributes peacekeepers to the United Nations mandated mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and others.

The Ugandan Government has worked with the East African Community to build cross border trade through transport infrastructure. Unreliable power, high energy costs and inadequate infrastructure all limit greater economic growth and foreign investment.


  • Developing locally appropriate agroforestry systems for semi-arid and sub-humid regions that can help farmers to improve food security and livelihoods, diversify their farming systems, enhance climate resilience and improve land management practices across farming landscapes.

  • Improve market access for agroforestry products and strengthen community-private sector partnerships through Innovation Platforms.

  • Make maize–legume–livestock-based mixed farming systems more intensive and resilient, to achieve improved dietary energy and nutritional quality, and increase household income.