Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa and the location of Africa's highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro. Tanzania has one of the world's lowest per capita incomes, but its economy has grown in recent years based on gold production and tourism. Tanzania has substantial natural gas reserves below its seabed.
The inland city of Dodoma is the administrative capital and home of the National Assembly, although much of government remains in Dar es-Salaam. The East African Community – comprising Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda – has its headquarters in Arusha, one of Tanzania's northern cities.
12 million people are still extremely poor, even though the percentage of the population below the poverty line declined from 60% in 2007 to 47% in 2016, according to World Bank data. Over the same period, living conditions improved, and more people had access to basic education, health and nutrition, and labor force participation in non-agriculture employment.
- Irrigation water management