PNG is extremely diverse, both geographically and culturally, and the sociocultural environment surrounding its agricultural and livestock systems is complex. ACIAR has invested strongly in socioeconomic research in PNG to gain a better understanding of how livelihood improvements can be made.
Jill E. Gready, Simon A. Dwyer and John R. Evans (eds)
The major focus of crop productivity research in recent decades has been on improving drought and salt tolerance, water and fertiliser use efficiency, and disease and pest control. However, by themselves they are unlikely to be sufficient to meet future food security demands. Therefore it is time to look at new approaches, including increasing the photosynthetic efficiency of crop plants, better using the non-limiting inputs of sunlight and carbon dioxide from the air.
The southern Philippines fruits and vegetables program was a collaborative research model jointly managed by ACIAR and the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD). These proceedings represent the results of nine projects covering a range of commodities and research areas, the ultimate goal of which was to contribute to economic growth in the southern Philippines and to improve the livelihoods of Filipino farmers and their families.
James Young, Luzia Rast, Suon Sothoeun and Peter Windsor (eds)
Improving smallholder cattle productivity and profitability is a recognised pathway to help alleviate rural poverty. These proceedings represent results of research from three ACIAR-funded projects that operated predominantly in Cambodia between 2007 and 2012. The three projects focused on cattle health and husbandry, livestock movements and spread of trans-boundary diseases, and improved feeding systems.
Livestock disease constrains livelihood development in the Mekong countries through loss of animals and their productivity, restriction of trade within and between countries, and the diseases that can be transmitted from livestock to humans. The term biosecurity describes the methods used to contain these diseases and prevent their transmission.
Cathy A. Hair, Timothy D. Pickering and David J. Mills (eds)
ACIAR has provided significant, long-term research investment into tropical sea cucumber aquaculture in the Asia–Pacific region. Work has included large-scale hatchery culture of sandfish (a species of sea cucumber), techniques for releasing cultured juveniles into the wild, and sea ranching and pond culture. ACIAR, together with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, organised a symposium to review this work, as well as research from other parts of the world.
J.C. Fox, R.J. Keenan, C.L. Brack and S. Saulei (eds)
This report reviews the historical context of forest management and the recent focus on tropical forest-based climate-change mitigation in PNG, and identifies challenges and priorities. Advances in the assessment of timber, carbon stocks and biodiversity, as well as in the quantitative understanding of forests through modelling, are described in order to provide a scientific basis for forest-management decision-making at both the community and the government level.
proceedings of an international symposium held in association with the 7th AAAP Animal Science Congress, Bali. Indonesia. 11-16 July 1994. This paper reviews the animal production potential of agroforestry systems. Factors influencing animal productivity include the forage contribution from tree and nontree sources, competition between tree and understorey, compatibility between tree crop and animals, and the service role of the tree in ameliorating the microclimate of the animal.