Dr Richard Markham is Research Program Manager for Horticulture. The program focuses on improving the productivity, profitability and sustainability of fruit, vegetable and ornamental crop production in developing countries and Australia. Dr Markham, a British national, has worked in international research for development since his graduate student days 30 years ago. Prior to ACIAR Dr Markham worked as a Program Director for the CGIAR centre, Bioversity International. In this position he led a large international scientific team across several continents focusing on commodity crops – especially bananas and plantains, cocoa and coconut - as a source of livelihoods for rural communities. Dr Markham’s main research training and experience is in crop protection, however his research management responsibilities have covered germplasm conservation, crop protection, production, postharvest and marketing issues. His earlier career involved research and research management at IITA and he led the CGIAR System-wide Integrated Pest Management program for six years from 1995-2001, with involvement in both field and horticultural crops. For an 18 month period, Richard worked in science writing on research, agricultural, environmental and development issues.