Felister Wambugha Makini, Geoffrey Mbuthia Kamau, Margaret Nafula Makelo, Wale Adekunle, George Kiuri Mburathi, Michael Misiko, Pamela Pali, John Dixon
The dynamic changes taking place in Africa, especially those caused by increasing population and climate change necessitate renewed efforts in food production, natural resources management and protection of the environment. In the past, Agricultural Research and Development agencies used diverse approaches to share ‘best practices’/’best bet options’ with the farming community but there has been often disappointing impact at farm level.
The Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is a technical journal which is published to
record and disseminate the results of research in agricultural disciplines within the Lao PDR.
The journal also aims to provide a forum of exchange of ideas between researchers and
Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics. Typically it involves clearing land (often forest) for the growing of crops for a few years, and then moving on to new sites, leaving the earlier ground fallow to regain its soil fertility. Some critics have tended to disparage shifting cultivation as unsustainable, however, the book shows that such indigenous practices can be highly adaptive to land and ecology.
This manual, produced by the Southern Cross University and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community with the financial support of ACIAR, is designed for sea cucumber fishers in the Pacific islands. It provides best-practice processing methods that can be applied by fishers using resources in their own villages. It has been translated into Fijian, Kiribati and Tongan.
National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI)
This issue of the Lao Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, published by the National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute, concentrates on rice. The focus on rice production in Laos is changing from food security to commercial production. ACIAR has funded research in Lao PDR on improved rice varieties and rice-based farming systems, and was pleased to be able to offer support for this special issue of the journal.
Scientific breeding in the twentieth century greatly accelerated wheat’s evolution, producing high-yielding varieties that helped avoid famine in many developing countries. Emerging scientific tools hold promise for identifying and tapping new, useful genetic diversity within wheat’s primary and secondary gene pools and, through genetic engineering, beyond.