White D.A, Battaglia M., Ren S. and Mendham D.S. 2016
This report reviews the state of knowledge on water use by Eucalyptus plantations in South-East Asia and provides some analysis of what it means for plantation water use in the different climatic zones where these plantations are being established. It aims to support local land and water resource decision makers in southern China, Laos, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia and Myanmar by synthesizing current knowledge into a simple, easy to use tool.
Pusat Penelitian Pengelolaan Perikanan dan Konservasi Sumberdaya Ikan
(Centre for Fisheries Research and Development) and
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
This strategic plan was developed in response to a request from the Centre for Fisheries Research and Development within the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and
Fisheries. The process was led by the Centre and the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) in collaboration with the Commonwealth
Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO).
Camilla Vote, Oeurng Chantha, Sok Ty, Chanseng Phongpacith, Thavone Inthavong, Seng Vang, Philip Eberbach and John Hornbuckle
This report discusses three relatively simple modelling options that can be applied within a data-sparse environment, and presents them within the context of Laos and Cambodia. The capabilities and limitations of each model are comprehensively reviewed to provide the reader with an understanding of the options to reliably simulate crop processes that may be useful, for example, to influence farmer practice, decision making, and to improve and optimise resource use.
Investments in training are reviewed, some approaches to quantifying investments and assessing change in partner countries, institutions and individuals are identified, and options for further action are discussed. Throughout the study there was extensive consultation and feedback within ACIAR and with project leaders and other stakeholders.
ISBN 1 925133 46 2 (print), ISBN 978 1 925133 47 9 (PDF)
Stephen Midgley, R.T. Somaiya, P.R. Stevens, Alan Brown, Nguyen Duc Kien and Richard Laity
Teak is probably the most widely planted high-value timber in the world, with plantings in Africa, the Pacific, South America and throughout Asia. The global area of planted teak is approaching 7 million hectares. While some of these plantations belong to governments and large companies, a significant proportion belongs to smallholder growers.
For the past 30 years, ACIAR has supported research on acacia and eucalypt species for plantation forestry, because of their potential for fast growth and production of wood suitable for a variety of uses. Future success and support for plantation forestry depends on achieving sustainable production with due environmental care from the current plantations. While some authors question the sustainability of short-rotation plantation forestry, there are few published studies that have looked at this issue in a systematic manner across many countries.
ISBN 978 1 925133 20 2 (print), ISBN 978 1 925133 21 9 (PDF)
Known as the ‘feminisation of agriculture’, farming women are no longer just part of the family labour unit, or just care for the household gardens. Because of increasing rates of male migration from poor farming households, usually to work in the cities, women have emerged as the key producers, performing a wide range of tasks related to planning, cropping, managing, processing and marketing, in and around the agricultural fields. Despite women’s increased agricultural roles, in most developing countries rural women operate under serious constraints.
Ian Patrick, Geoff Smith, Hasnah, Ni Putu Sarini, Hasmida Karim, Bugie Kurnianto, Dewa Dharma, A.A.S. Putri Komaladara and Tristan Jubb
This report describes a trial in three Indonesian provinces that developed a niche market for poultry products produced on farms that implemented appropriate biosecurity activities. The aim of the trail was to test whether a market chain could provide incentives for all chain participants to produce and market these ‘Healthy Farm’ products. The trial showed that supermarket consumers were prepared to pay a premium price for meat and eggs produced on approved biosecure farms; and that the existing market can be used to improve biosecurity in smallholder poultry farms in Indonesia.
Research funded by ACIAR is largely directed towards attaining food security. This report documents the food security issues in three of ACIAR’s focus areas: East Timor, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific islands. The studies help identify which problems are amenable to solutions, through research, development and extension.