For the past 30 years, ACIAR has supported research on acacia and eucalypt species for plantation forestry, because of their potential for fast growth and production of wood suitable for a variety of uses. Future success and support for plantation forestry depends on achieving sustainable production with due environmental care from the current plantations. While some authors question the sustainability of short-rotation plantation forestry, there are few published studies that have looked at this issue in a systematic manner across many countries.
ISBN 978 1 925133 20 2 (print), ISBN 978 1 925133 21 9 (PDF)
Known as the ‘feminisation of agriculture’, farming women are no longer just part of the family labour unit, or just care for the household gardens. Because of increasing rates of male migration from poor farming households, usually to work in the cities, women have emerged as the key producers, performing a wide range of tasks related to planning, cropping, managing, processing and marketing, in and around the agricultural fields. Despite women’s increased agricultural roles, in most developing countries rural women operate under serious constraints.
Ian Patrick, Geoff Smith, Hasnah, Ni Putu Sarini, Hasmida Karim, Bugie Kurnianto, Dewa Dharma, A.A.S. Putri Komaladara and Tristan Jubb
This report describes a trial in three Indonesian provinces that developed a niche market for poultry products produced on farms that implemented appropriate biosecurity activities. The aim of the trail was to test whether a market chain could provide incentives for all chain participants to produce and market these ‘Healthy Farm’ products. The trial showed that supermarket consumers were prepared to pay a premium price for meat and eggs produced on approved biosecure farms; and that the existing market can be used to improve biosecurity in smallholder poultry farms in Indonesia.
Research funded by ACIAR is largely directed towards attaining food security. This report documents the food security issues in three of ACIAR’s focus areas: East Timor, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific islands. The studies help identify which problems are amenable to solutions, through research, development and extension.
The papers in this report were presented at the 2nd PNG Plant Protection Conference and include information on crop pests, diseases and weeds and their management, pest incursions and quarantine, and pest and disease identification.
R Bell, B Rerkasem, P Keerati-Kasikorn, S Phetchawee, N Hiranburana, S Ratanarat, et al.
ACIAR has supported two complementary studies in Thailand that have confirmed deficiencies of the micronutrients boron and molybdenum and the macronutrients phosphorus, potassium, sulfur and nitrogen in a high proportion of food legume crops
Mary Young, Robyn Alders, Sally Grimes, Peter Spradbrow, Paula Dias, Amílcar da Silva and Quintino Lobo
This manual, originally published in 2002, describes the procedures needed to produce and test live, thermostable avirulent I-2 vaccine against Newcastle disease (ND) of poultry. It has formed the basis of practical training workshops for scientists and technicians in vaccine-producing laboratories in Africa and Asia. This second edition, updated on the basis of practical experience over the last decade, has been published due to increasing interest in local production of ND vaccine.
Stephen Midgley, Jeff Bennett, Xeme Samontry, Peter Stevens, Khamphone Mounlamai, Dao Midgley and Alan Brown
This report provides an exploration of the concept of payments for environmental services (financial benefits to land managers who, through improved practices, enhance environmental services such as carbon sequestration, protection of water quality and biodiversity conservation) and the value chains for wood products in Lao PDR. Both these topics are intrinsically linked by their focus on the forests of Laos and their aim of improving livelihoods for thousands of Lao people, many of whom live below the poverty line.
Tony Page, Hanington Tate, Colin Bunt, Anna Potrawiak and Alick Berry
Sandalwood is one of the world’s most valuable forest products. However, much of the wild-sourced sandalwood has been overharvested. The Vanuatu Government has been implementing measures to foster the sustainable use of sandalwood, including controlling the quantity that can be harvested, requiring value-added processing, and producing sandalwood seedlings for planting by landowners.
This report summarises findings from an ACIAR project that aimed to lift agricultural productivity in southern Bangladesh and address the large and growing wheat deficit of the country. The challenge was to determine whether wheat or other short-duration Rabi (dry-season) crops, including mungbean, could be grown profitably under the hot, humid and sometimes saline conditions of this region.