The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness was developed at a forum in Paris in February - March 2005. It looks at the responsibility of developed and developing countries for delivering and managing aid in terms of five principles:
- Ownership: Partner countries exercise effective leadership over their development policies, and strategies and co-ordinate development actions
- Alignment: Donors base their overall support on partner countries’ national development strategies, institutions and procedures
- Harmonisation: Donors’ actions are more harmonized, transparent and collectively effective
- Managing for Results: Managing resources and improving decision-making for results
- Mutual Accountability: Donors and partners are accountable for development results
Australia has signed undertakings that the aid program will align with the Paris Declaration principles in a number of countries and regions. As a specialised donor, ACIAR aligns with the principles of the Paris Declaration through these five principles (see how).
Various countries in the Asia-Pacific Region have developed their own declarations on aid effectiveness, which localise the Paris Declaration to fit their circumstances.
In October 2006 the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) and Cambodia’s Development Partners developed a Declaration on Enhancing Aid Effectiveness.
The Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and their Partners in Development, developed a Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, which details monitorable actions to make aid more effective and assist the country in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 and the long-term development goal of exiting the status of least developed country by 2020.
In July 2007 Pacific Island Countries and Donor Partners in the region developed Pacific Aid Effectiveness Principles, below:
Principle 1: Country leadership and ownership of development through an accountable and transparent national development planning and financial management system/mechanism which is adequately resourced from the national budget - including longer term operation and maintenance of donor sponsored development. (Paris Declaration Section 14, 19; Indicator 1, 2)
Principle 2: Multi-year commitments by development partners and countries aligned nationally identified priorities as articulated in national sustainable development strategies, or the like, with agreement on performance indicators and monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. (Paris Declaration Section 16, 26; Indicators 3, 5, 7)
Principle 3: Greater Pacific ownership of regional development, Development Partners’ Pacific Regional Strategies designed and formulated with the Pacific Plan and other Regional Policies as their corner stone. (Paris Declaration 14, 15; Indicator 1)
Principle 4: Pacific Development Partners and Countries pursue a coordinated approach in the delivery of assistance. Encouraging harmonization will be a priority for both. (Paris Declaration 32 - 42; Indicators 9, 10)
Principle 5: Strengthened institutional mechanisms and capacity in countries to enable increased use of local systems by development partners. (Paris Declaration 17, 21, 22-24, 31; Indicator 4, 6, 8)
Principle 6: (i) Provision of technical assistance (TA), including in aid coordination/management, in such a way that ensures that capacity is built with tangible benefits to the country to support national ownership. Provision of an appropriate level of counterpart resources through established procedures and mechanisms. (ii) Short term TA, that address local skills gaps to conduct studies, are culturally sensitive. (Paris Declaration 22-24; Indicator 4)
Principle 7: Use of an agreed monitoring and evaluation framework that will ensure joint assessments of the implementation of agreed commitments on aid effectiveness. (Paris Declaration 43-46; Indicator 11)
For more information on the Pacific Aid Effectiveness Principles contact:
Ms Patricia Sachs-Cornish, the Forum’s Development Cooperation Adviser
Phone (678) 331 2600