- University of Adelaide, Australia
- Ministry of Environment, Lands & Agriculture Development, Kiribati
- Department of Agriculture, Tuvalu
- University of Tasmania, Australia
Diets in Kiribati and Tuvalu have traditionally been based on fish and other marine animals and heavy on starch (giant swamp taro and breadfruit), with some fruits but few vegetables. Agricultural production in both countries is restricted by lack of seeds, water shortages and salinity, poor soils, and lack of tools and knowledge of farming practices, and limited guidance from extension services. As a result of limited agricultural production, Kiribati and Tuvalu consume more than they produce.
The research proposed is associated with three ACIAR projects; Leafy vegetable scoping study PC/2010/063 in Samoa, Solomon Islands; the Soil Health project SMCN/2009/003 based in Fiji, Samoa and Kiribati; and the scoping study SMCN/2014/021 “Evaluation of opportunities to enhance food and nutritional security in Kiribati and Tuvalu” which recommended suitable food crops for atolls and a strategy for this project.
This project contributes to the development goal of improving the food and nutritional security of communities living on atoll islands in the Pacific. The project also contributes to the three main research priority themes for the region (ACIAR AOP 2014-15): food and nutritional security; agriculture, fisheries and forestry resource management and development; and agriculture, fisheries and forestry value chains. The specific aim of the project is to improve the livelihoods of the people of coral atolls, Kiribati and Tuvalu in particular, through increased and diversified agricultural production.